Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that is typified by recurrent and reversible airway constriction. In patients with asthma, the airways may react to particular inhaled materials. The muscles around the airways tighten, which results in less air flowing into the lungs. Also, allergic inflammation can worsen and further narrow the airways. Additionally, cells in the airways can produce more mucus than normal, causing further the narrowing of a patient’s airways. These reactions result in asthma symptoms. Symptoms common during an attack include chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. Coughing usually happens at night or early morning. Patients may go weeks or months without an asthma attack. Sometimes seasonal allergies can trigger an asthma attack.
This condition can be managed with proper treatment and avoidance of allergic triggers. Understanding the many different types of asthma as well as different symptoms is vital in treating this disease.